Of Roman origin, fortified since at least the 14th century and now a bustling, productive town, Magenta went down in history for the 1859 battle which sealed Lombardy’s fate linking it to that of Italy which was still being formed at the time. Along the centrally-located Via Roma, the Battle of Magenta is evoked by the Basilica dedicated to San Martino erected in 1903 to replace a previous parish church dedicated to the same saint. The church is in the style of the period – that is to say it looks like a 16th century building – and contains a Virgin and Child with a Da Vinci touch. Near the centrally-located square, in Via Mazzini there is the church of the Assunta which is of Romanesque origin, though it has been radically re-modernized several times over the centuries. In Via San Biagio, adjacent to Piazza Vittorio Veneto, the Convent of the Canossian Mothers has incorporated, since 1884, the ancient Oratory of San Biagio, which has a 16-17th century appearance but was the original parish church in Magenta on a site where traces of a Gallic- Roman necropolis were found. Along Via Garibaldi, at number 76 you’ll find Palazzo Morandi, built in the second half of the 18th century, and at number 84, Casa Crivelli, dating back to the 15th century. From Piazza della Liberazione, Via 4 Giugno takes you to the 18th century Casa Giacobbe, the historic residence of an important family from Magenta, which still has bullet holes in its façade.